从澳大利亚的收入和财富分配情况来看，2013年的收入和财富分配明显趋于平衡。然而，问题是不平衡仍然存在。例如，澳大利亚最富有的五分之一家庭仍然拥有该国总财富的61%。然而，也有人发现，在这20%人群中，最贫穷的家庭，尤其是那些靠福利或养老金生活的家庭，在2008年至2012年期间能够做到最好。这表明，他们的可支配收入增长了5%，但仍远低于过去5年的增幅(Colebatch, 2013)。此外，这表明澳大利亚的财富和分配部门存在差距(News.com.au, 2015)。这一点从澳大利亚社会服务委员会提交的新报告中也可以清楚地看到，该报告表明，即使经过20年的经济增长，澳大利亚的贫富差距仍在不断扩大。例如，昆士兰州、维多利亚州和新南威尔士州(NSW)的居民在各个收入阶层都有代表权，但在南澳大利亚地区，这一差距非常显著(News.com.au, 2015)。
此外，从农村和城市的角度来看，也存在着贫富差距，大城市的居民与农村居民相比，拥有更好的国家。委员会认为，最重要的优先事项是确保个人缴纳公平的税款。澳大利亚乐施会的报告也指出了类似的发现。从这个角度出发，提出了在保证国家经济增长的同时，如何减少不平等的要求(Steketee, 2015)。从澳大利亚的福利制度可以明显看出，这种制度已经崩溃，大多数人被困在他们正从残疾中获得支持的循环之中。证据清楚地表明，有了正确的支持，这几个人可以重新回到劳动力市场(Jones, 2013)。然而，在提出这种改变之前还有许多工作要做。澳大利亚国内不平等的原因很难确定，尤其是从长期来看(Whiteford, 2014)。
When seeing the income and wealth distribution in Australia, it was evident that the distribution evened out a bit in the year of 2013.However, the issue is that unevenness still exists. For example, the richest one fifth households are still those owning 61 per cent of the total wealth in Australia. It was also seen however, that poorest households among the 20 per cent, especially those either on welfare or on pension were able to do their best from the year of 2008 to 2012. This indicated that their income of disposable nature rose by 5 per cent, still this was much below the rise that took place in the last half decade (Colebatch, 2013). Furthermore, this indicates there exists a gap within the Australian wealth and distribution segment (News.com.au, 2015). This is also clear from the new report presented by Australian social service council, the report indicates that the gap between rich and poor of Australia is consistently widening even after economic growth of two decades. For example, Queensland, Victoria and New South Wales (NSW) enjoyed even people representation across the spectrum of income but within the region of South Australia, the gap was much prominent (News.com.au, 2015).
There also is a divide of rich and poor when viewing the rural and urban segment wherein residents from metropolitan cities have a well of state in comparison to those from the country side. The key priority as per the council lies in ensuring that individuals pay their fair tax share. Similar findings have also been indicated by the report from Oxfam Australia.From this perspective, comes forward the requirement of putting emphasis on how inequality can be reduced along with ensuring that economic growth is present in the country (Steketee, 2015). It is evident through the welfare system of Australia that it is broken and majority of individuals trapped within the cycle of support that they are getting from disability. Evidences clearly showed that with correct support, these several individuals can be brought back into the labour force (Jones, 2013). However, much has to be done prior to bringing forward such a change.Identification of the reason behind inequality within Australia is difficult especially when viewing it from long term basis (Whiteford, 2014).