泰拉威帝理工学院论文代写:外包带来的消极影响

泰拉威帝理工学院论文代写:外包带来的消极影响

虽然外包确实给发展中国家带来了巨大的积极变化,但它也以一种消极的方式影响着工人。为了解释这一点,我们将以最大的外包接收国中国为例进行讨论(Scott et al., 2014)。如上所述,中国工人的工资在过去的10年里有了显著的提高。然而,劳动力工资的上涨是一个似乎更加复杂的问题(Estevez-Abe et al., 2015)。首先,中国最近工资的大幅上涨是从一个非常低的水平开始的。2005年,中国工人的平均年薪只有美国工人的七分之一(Webster, 2006)。虽然在给定的时期内,它经历了巨大的增长,但与其他亚洲国家相比,它仍然是低的(Milberg et al., 2013)。

泰拉威帝理工学院论文代写:外包带来的消极影响

2013年,中国的平均月工资为613美元,已经比8年前高出200%(国家统计局,2014)。但与其他亚洲国家相比,这个数字要低得多。例如,2013年韩国的平均月工资是2841美元,而日本是3320美元(国际劳工组织,2014)。即使关注国家,外包工厂工人和白领工人的收入差距也是难以置信的大(Williams et al., 2013)。根据政府对2014年行业平均工资的排序,制造业工人的年平均工资为51369元,而传输、计算机服务、软件行业的年平均工资为100845元(国际劳工组织,2014)。

泰拉威帝理工学院论文代写:外包带来的消极影响

Although outsourcing did bring huge positive changes to developing countries, but it also affected workers in a negative way. In order to explain this, the biggest outsourcing receiver country, China, as an example will be discussed (Scott et al., 2014). As mentioned above, Chinese worker’s wage had been improved dramatically in past 10 years. However, the rise of labor wages is a much more complex issue as it seemed to be (Estevez-Abe et al., 2015). Firstly, China’s recent dramatic wage increase began from a very low standard. In 2005, the average annual wage for Chinese worker was only one-seventh of the same figure in the United States (Webster, 2006). Even though it experienced a huge increase in the given period, it still is low when compared to other Asian countries (Milberg et al., 2013).

泰拉威帝理工学院论文代写:外包带来的消极影响
In 2013, the average monthly wage of China was 613 US dollar which was already 200% higher than it was 8 years ago (National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2014). But when compared to other Asian nations, it was much low than it used to be. For example, South Korea’s average monthly wage was 2841 dollars in 2013 while it was 3320 dollar in Japan (International Labour Organization, 2014). Even when the focus is on the country, the gap between the income of outsourcing factory workers and white collar workers is unbelievably large (Williams et al., 2013). As the government sorted the average salary by industry in 2014, manufacturing worker could have 51,369 yuan as annual wage while the average annual wage of transmission, computer service, and software industry is 100,845 Yuan (International Labor Organization, 2014).