There is a common opinion that children who belong to the working-class families invariably end in lower income jobs. The children born in affluence are found to gain white collar jobs. Willis (1977) argued that the children are socially condition such that they seek a belonging to the same class and need not actively work on expanding their horizons. They do not seek social mobility and prefer to stay in their own socio economic group. The reasons for this preference are based on a complex set of issues that are both internal and external. Every member in the society is found to belong to the social class. There are different ideologies in societies based on these social divisions. The people value economic gain in some societies. On the other hand, some societies value religious ideologies. The people are given priority based on their religious status and beliefs in the society. Social Mobility is a movement of individuals, families and households between the social ladder and stratification (Erickson, 1987). Certain people in the society possess the ability to work and rise above their social class and positioning. They move up their social positioning. The social mobility refers to the vertical mobility of the individuals or groups. They are found to move up and down the socio-economic level. The people try to achieve this paradigm by choosing jobs or entering in the marriage. This social mobility and its intricacies are studied in detail by Willis. He follows the ideals proposed in the Marxist philosophy. The essay argues that the social mobility argued by Willis (1977) still held relevance in contemporary societies.
The research of Willis was conducted with 12 non-academic, white, working class minors, and aged around 15. They had one more year to complete their schooling. The participants of the study belong to an industrial town ‘Hammertown’. Willis observed the participants. There was passive observation of the actions exhibited by the participants and active participation in the class activities. The participants were from different socio economic backgrounds. It was stated that in the lower income working class, parents and the teachers supported their lifestyle (Willis, 1977). There was a sense of pride in their work and they often demeaned other profession. The immediate familial surroundings and the schools nudged the pride of the working-class culture. There was a counter-school culture that was created for the students. An ideology was created that the students from these backgrounds were invariably nudged towards the blue-collar jobs. From the findings of Willis, the impact of social conformity in the vocation choice of the people, the gendered identity along with patriarchal impacts and the Marxists ideology have been discussed.