There are many annotations on this word. Cheng yi’s book yichuan yi, written in the song dynasty, explains: “astronomy is the principle of heaven; Humanity, the way of people. Astronomy, that the sun, moon and stars of the wrong column, the change of Yin and Yang of cold and heat, watch its movement, in order to observe the rapid change of the four hours. Humanity, the logical sequence of human nature, the view of humanity to civilize the world, the world into its customs, is the sage use the road. (see volume ii of yichuan yi zhuan) it is generally believed that the traditional Chinese concept of humanity refers to various attributes of human beings.
As late as modern times, the word Humanism is used to translate Humanism. It is a word that is just a few intellectuals of the European Renaissance who, in the process of surrendering and opposing the religious traditions of medieval Europe, studied the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome as examples to return to the common customs. These people were called “humanists”, and by the 19th century Europe had the so-called humanities, and in the 20th century British and American universities began to have the humanities. The meaning of the humanities is not that the humanities are explained by a scientific theory, but that it is an inquiry into all aspects of human beings and a discussion of human knowledge.
Under the influence of tradition and the west, Chinese modern intellectuals have experienced many changes in their understanding of the connotation of humanism and the humanities. Humanities is derived from the Latin “humanists”, which means human nature and education. The original refers to the knowledge related to human interests, and later refers to the study of social phenomena and culture and art.