In these systems, one of the most important factors that need to be considered is the ideology of moral freedom. This has been discussed in the subsequent section.
The discussion of moral freedom hinges on nature of man. The questions need to be asked as how does man seek his own nature (Plato, Halliwell, 1988). The reflection of Man and the society view of the actions of these men are reflected in the ways in which the society is constructed. It is evident that two radical ideologies exist in the system. The ancient school of thought was reflected in the ideology of Plato and modern ideology is reflected in the works of Jean Jacques Rousseau. However, certain trends are common between the elements. The most common element that exists is the inception points as to how these authors begin the focus of the society. Platonic idea of human nature and morality is about how people can be free even in prison cells. This is different from the ideology of Rousseau. In this, the people set up the political society that is based on the inherent rights of the people. This role of the moral freedom has a number of important benefits and limitations. Plato centered his discussion on how man is social creature and Rousseau states that it is based on the construction of the society (Riesenberg, 1994). Rousseau stated that the people are forced to make a decision between the ways in which they systematically work to discuss the freedom of women. This is to look at the nature of the man. It is evident that Plato and Rousseau make important decisions and have constructed a political theory based on certain allusions. The ideology of moral freedom and political theory constructed are subjective between the two men. In both the political theories, certain assumptions that are based on idealistic conditions. These are explored in the following.
It is evident that a construction of ideal societies in the arguments that are put forward by Plato and Rousseau. Plato stated that the leader of the people needs to be an ideal person and positive hopes for justice and happiness are detailed. Similar analogy and assumption about society and construction of society are made in the arguments that are put forward by Rousseau. Plato asked the people to essentially give up their rights and opinion in the hand of the leader. He assumed that by giving up their civil liberties to their leader, there could be a prosperous society. For this reason, many of the philosophers allude that these arguments are unrealistic and are not convincing enough for the people living in the modern societies.
A different kind of idealism is observed in the theory that is proposed by Rousseau. In this, the assumption that is made by Rousseau is the majority of the people address the requirement of all the people in the society (Riesenberg, 1994). However, it is imperative to overlook of the requirements of the minority people in the population. For example, slave ownership can be claimed as social contract theories according to the ideology of Rousseau. Successful minorities in the population are subjected to the notions of violence. These actions are not condoned in the current times. The basis of social contract theory can be used to justify the lynching of minorities as a part of social contract tenets. Here the idealism is observed in the ways in which Rousseau stated that people in the societies are idyllic. This ideology can also be unrealistic. An innate utopian dream that is embedded in the arguments which are posed by both these philosophers. These make the arguments essentially idyllic (Riesenberg, 1994). There are many important developments and a growth of the progressive society that can be made possible from these developments. Nevertheless, this idyllic system needs to exist.
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