The study of the progression of physiological changes in an addict reveals that these changes hold the best explanation for what causes addiction in a person. However it also has to be acknowledged that psychological factors and also associations play just as much a role in causing or maintaining the addiction. In this context the paper explores what causes addiction and approaches to counteract it from a psychological perspective.
There are various approaches to stop a person from using drugs. The prohibition theory on drugs depicts the use of prohibitive force on the war on drugs where the police military, government and more come together to penalize its usage and distribution (MacCoun & Reuter, 2001). There are addiction recovery programs that use the physiology behind the drug interaction with the human body to help the addict recover. Innumerous studies have been conducted on the withdrawal symptoms of drugs such as cocaine (Volokow et al, 2001) to help understand how to increase abstinence for addicts. Behavioural interventions to reduce the drug use are more popular and they have been developed on the same psychology that helps explain why the addictions happen in the first place.