代写招聘:压力的来源

代写招聘:压力的来源

通过文献综述,对不同学术和期刊上关于学生和工人压力的文章进行了探讨,从而确定了本文研究的理论背景。文献综述也将有助于研究者解决研究问题。大量研究表明,与工作或学业相关的压力是学生和员工心理和情绪疾病的主要来源。压力被认为是一种心理和情绪上的变化,这种变化在过去几年中不断升级。压力可以分为两个领域,即精神压力和身体压力(Dubina, 2005)。从心理学的角度来看,压力被定义为行为和认知体验,是心理反应在特定情境下的结果。大学生和工作者的压力水平是不同的,这对研究人员来说是很重要的。Rawson et al(1996)指出,大学生中占主导地位的心理压力是学习因素、生活方式、经济因素、社会因素和职业因素的结果(Rawson et al., 2016)。林希纳(Lin Xhnag)和车文波(Wenbo Che, 2003)设计了一项研究,通过对7所大学的调查和对2007年左右的大学生的访谈,来评估“大学生心理压力量表”。研究发现,学生的压力有两个方面,即个人压力和社会环境压力。

代写招聘:压力的来源

个人压力与家庭问题、适应性问题、健康问题、关系冲突、低自尊、沮丧问题有关,而社会环境压力则与人际交往、职业压力、情感冲突、学业压力等问题有关(Lee, 2014)。Swaminathan & Rajkumar(2013)通过将受访者分为年龄组、职业种类、职业、工作环境的影响和工作时间,对压力水平进行了调查。该研究得出的结论是,员工能够根据自己的表现发挥出自己的全部能力,而且在这项研究中,工作压力产生的原因有三种:工作量、自我距离和工作停滞(Swaminathan and Rajkumar, 2010)。Zhang(2009)认为,员工的压力主要来自于工作的工作量,这影响了他们在工作中的表现。研究还将压力分为短暂的、创伤后的和慢性的压力,作者认为这些压力可以用有效的压力管理方法来管理。作者发现,良好的工作环境和员工之间的工作组织是减轻员工压力的有效途径(Zhang, 2009)。Yamashita、Saito和Takao(2012)的另一项研究基于护士的工作压力,对195名全职护士(新加坡)进行了访谈,并对描述性统计和路径分析进行了分析。本研究的结论是,正向影响与工作压力负相关,而工作场所的便利设施有助于护士的压力管理(Yamashita, Saito, and Takao, 2012)。

代写招聘:压力的来源

The literature review explores the different academic and journal articles on stress for students as well as workers so that the theoretical background of proposed research is identified. The literature review will also help the researcher to address the research questions. Numerous studies have revealed that stress related to job or academics are a major source of mental and emotional illness in students and workers. Stress is considered to be a psychological and emotional change that has been escalating over the years. Stress can be categorized into two fields namely mental stress and physical stress (Dubina, 2005). From the perspective of psychology, stress is defined as the behavioral and recognitive experience which is a result of mental reactions in a particular situation. The level of stress is different for college students and for workers which have been important for researchers. Rawson et al (1996) had stated that the mental stress which is predominant in the college students is a result of study factors, lifestyle, economic factors, social factors and career factors (Rawson et al., 2016). Lin Xhnag and Wenbo Che (2003) had designed a study to evaluate the “scale for mental stresses of college students” by conducting a survey in 7 colleges and interviewed around 2007 college students. The study revealed that there are two aspects of stress in students which are personal stress and social environmental stress.

代写招聘:压力的来源
While the personal stress is related to the family issues, the problem of adaptability, health problems, relationship conflict, the problem of low self-esteem and frustration, the social environmental stress is related to the issues of interpersonal communication, occupational stress, emotional conflicts, and academic pressure (Lee, 2014). Swaminathan & Rajkumar (2013) conducted a research to investigate into the level of stress by segregating the respondents into age groups, job varieties, profession, the influence of work environment and the working hours. The study concluded that the workers are able to perform to their full capacity based on their performance, and also there are three reasons for workplace stress that have been identified in this research which are workload, self-distance, and stagnation in work (Swaminathan and Rajkumar, 2010). According to Zhang (2009), workers are stressed out mainly due to the workload and it has affected their performance in the workplace. The study also categorized stress into transient, post-traumatic and chronic stress and the authors have suggested that these stresses can be managed using effective stress management approaches. The authors have found out that good work environment and organization of work among the workers are an effective way to reduce stress for the workers (Zhang, 2009). Another study conducted by Yamashita, Saito, and Takao (2012), was based on the work stress of the nurses and a sample of 195 full-time nurses (Singapore) was interviewed and descriptive statistics and path analyses have been analyzed. The study concluded that the positive affectivity is negatively related to work stress and worksite amenities can help in stress management for the nurses (Yamashita, Saito, and Takao, 2012).