作业代写:关贸总协定

作业代写:关贸总协定

“每个地方的人都是一样的。沟通是推动这一理想的引擎。通过结束孤立,通过把各地人民联系起来,每一项通讯的改善都被宣布实现了全人类的普遍兄弟情谊”。以社会文化技术为形式的交流的改善是二战后开始的现代全球化时代的重要因素之一。相互依赖就是这样一种技巧;各国认为,当各国相互依存时,它们就不会发动战争。打破贸易壁垒被认为是建立这种网络的一种形式。在这方面,布雷顿森林会议为国际货币基金组织制定了规则。国际贸易被认为是各国保持互联互通的重要工具,因此与技术相关的国际贸易本质上都是导致全球化的网络技术。在第二次全球化浪潮中,美国是一个领先的经济体,美元开始被理解为一种标准。除了国际货币基金组织,还签署了一项特别协议,即关贸总协定。
关贸总协定被认为是减少关税的许多步骤之一,而关税在促进全球化方面发挥了作用。然而,随着世界向20世纪70年代迈进,布雷顿森林体系受到了压力,导致金本位制的终结,然后开始了全球化的第三波浪潮,这就是信息时代。信息时代的特征是互联网和互联网相关技术。二战后,全球化是由美国工业向欧洲的扩张推动的,反之亦然。科学和技术有了新的发展,促进了更好和更容易的货物转让。西方文化输出以电影、电视、录音音乐等文化产品为主要形式。电影制作技术和相关技术促进了不同文化之间的联系。二战后,大众传媒行业也帮助建立了更好的联系。上述经济机构本身也投资于技术。以世界银行和国际货币基金组织为例,这些机构投资于知识共享网络,帮助降低了贸易成本。

作业代写:关贸总协定

“People were people-everywhere the same. Communication was the engine that powered this ideal. Each improvement in communication, by ending isolation, by linking people everywhere, was heralded as realizing the Universal Brotherhood of Universal Man”. The improvement of communication in the form of socio cultural technologies was one of the significant elements in the modern era of globalization that started after WW2. Interdependence was one such technique; countries believed that when nations were interdependent they would not wage wars. Breaking down barriers to trade was considered as a form of laying down this networking. Towards this extent in the Bretton Woods Conference the rules were laid out for the International Monetary Fund IMF. International trade was considered as an important tool that could help the countries stay interconnected, so in essence International trade related to technologies are all network technologies that resulted in globalization. In the second wave of globalization, the United States was a leading economy and the US Dollar came to be understood as a standard. In addition to the International Monetary fund, a special agreement was signed which is the GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
GATT was seen to be one of many steps towards reducing the tariffs which played a role in enhancing globalization. However, with the world moving towards the 1970’s the Bretton Woods system came under pressure, led to the closure of the gold standards and then started the third wave in globalization which is the information age. The information age is characterized by the internet and the internet related technologies. Post WW2, globalization was driven by the expansions of industries from the United States into Europe and vice versa. There were new developments in science and technology that facilitated better and easier transfer of goods. The western culture exportations were high in the form of cultural products such as that of the movies, television and recorded music. Movie making technology and related technology led to an increased connectivity between different cultures. The mass media industries also helped in create better bonds after the world war. The economic institutions mentioned above were themselves invested in technology. Consider the World Bank and the IMF, these institutions invested in knowledge sharing networks and helped reduce the costs of trade.