新西兰论文代写:资金流动

新西兰论文代写:资金流动

全球化的两个阶段在外国直接投资的空间和部门分散方面有显着差异。第二阶段的发展比发展中国家和发达国家的第一阶段分布要差得多。 1990年代初期,发展中国家的外国直接投资流量有所增加(Dicken,2007:211-213)。在19世纪最后一个季度,资本流动被用作将可投资资源转移到利率高和赤字高的小国的一种模式。在全球化的第一阶段,资金流动的目的是为长期投资创造机会,从而产生利润,而在第二阶段,资本流动的构成以短期资本流动为特征。

全球化的经济意义

全球化进程主要有许多形式,如工业和金融,正在为发展中国家,特别是工业化国家发展新的途径(Ohmae,1990:111-117)。全球化的最大经济意义在发展中国家,因为它们已经开始吸引外资和投资到自己的国家,这些国家有自己的积极和消极的结果。增加的生活水平,新市场的可及性,收入差距的扩大和就业机会的减少都是全球化的深远影响。前两者本质上是积极的,而另外两个则是负面的结果。经济全球化导致更多的外国贷款和基础设施发展与国家间的自由贸易(Nayyar,2005:137-159)。全球化的最大好处是进入新市场,从而允许新技术,服务和产品的出现。然而,这导致了就业和贫困之间的巨大差距。

新西兰论文代写:资金流动

The two phases of globalisation have shown a significant difference with regard to the spatial and sectoral scattering of foreign direct investment. The distribution in the second phase was much more uneven than in the first phase with respect to the developing and developed nations. The early stage of the 1990 decade saw an increase in the FDI flows from developing countries (Dicken, 2007:211-213). During the last quarter of the 19th century, capital flows were used as a mode to transfer investible resources to infantile nations that had high interest rates and high deficits. The intention of financial flows in the first phase of globalisation was finding opportunities for long-term investments that resulted in profit, while in the second phase the constitution of financial flows by characterised by short-term capital movement.

ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF GLOBALISATION

Globalisation has advanced largely in many forms like industrial and financial and is in the process of developing new avenues for developing nations, especially those that are industrialised (Ohmae, 1990:111-117). The greatest economic significance of globalisation has been on the developing nations as they have begun to attract foreign capital and investment into their countries which has had its own share of positive and negative outcomes. The increased living standards, accessibility to new markets, widening disparity in income levels and decrease in employment opportunities are the profound effects of globalisation. The first two are positive in nature while the other two has had negative outcomes. Economic globalisation results in more foreign lending and alongside infrastructural development and free trade between nations (Nayyar, 2005:137-159). The largest benefit of globalisation has been the access to new markets that allows the advent of new technologies, services and products. This has however led to substantial gaps in employment and poverty.