在现代，国家参与经济活动已经变得非常普遍和强制性。即使在高度发达的资本主义国家，也有政府的参与，这有助于降低失业率，带来了经济体系的稳定(Boddewyn, 2016)。国家干预的主要动机是为了确保经济体系的稳定和充分就业。为了消除或减少贫困，达到更高的生活水平，在经济体制不稳定的欠发达国家需要国家干预(Lee, Kim and Ahn, 2011)。一个组织的行为对经济、社会和政治方面有重要的影响。在今天的资本主义社会，一个组织的首要责任是整顿国家的经济。在美利坚合众国，几个世纪以来一直存在着一个稳固的资本主义社会，本组织大多数成员的主要动机是赚取利润。在美国，每个商人的主要动机都是赚钱，不管他或她经营的是什么样的组织。美国社会的主要和最重要的哲学是“时间就是金钱”。在所有这些事实的帮助下将更容易理解新西兰教育学论文代写-社会责任的意义。
There are various ways by which social responsibility can be described. It has been observed that most of the organizations only perform those social obligations, which are made compulsory by the government. It means that in order to meet certain legal and economic responsibilities, a firm is engaged in social actions (Boddewyn, 2016). An organization does nothing more than what they are obliged to do. This is the general view of social responsibility. Milton Friedman, who is Nobel laureate and great economist, is the most outspoken advocate of this approach. To operate in the best interest of stockholder, whose primary apprehension is that monetary should be the primary responsibility of all kinds of organizations as said by Milton Friedman (Li et al., 2013).
There are two other concepts, which reflect the socioeconomic views. They are social responsibility and social responsiveness. In response to some popular need of society, when an organization connects in social actions, it is known as social responsiveness. With the help of social norms and values, managers are guided and after that make those kinds of practical decisions which are market, oriented (Li et al., 2013). Just for an example, the first automaker companies endorse a federal ban on sending text message while driving was Ford Motor Company (Dan and Maria, n.d.).
When an organization works toward the achievement of the organizational goals as well as the benefit of the society, it is known as social responsibility (Deogaonkar and Washimkar, 2014). It has been a very controversial question among the researchers and managers that are justified for a corporation to follow the objectives of social responsibilitie s(Van der Wee et al., 2015). Moreover, it has been found out that any kind of social responsibility should not be assumed by business. According to the modern approach, it has been specified that it is also the responsibility of an organization to improve and maintain the overall welfare of the society.
Now it has been accepted by every organization that social responsibilities are the part of their organization and becomes their responsibility as well. It has been felt by managers and researchers that an organization should make such kind of corporate policies and strategies so that social issues become the part of the corporate social policy and can be responded professionally and successfully (Li et al., 2015).
As social responsibility is made in a wide variety of areas, it is said to a complex process. Social responsibility includes three major areas for social issues: firstly, total observance with state, federal, international and local legislative acts and laws (Van der Wee et al., 2015). Secondly, it is the ethnic and moral procedures and standards under which a firm will operate freely, happily. Thirdly, it is the benevolent giving. There has been a development of social audit as preliminary guide, which can be used for the evaluation of how well a company is doing in the areas of social responsibility. It would also be beneficial for an organization to see where and what kind of changes are required for the improvement in the policies and strategies of the company, and this can be done by the results that are based on the basic evaluation.