This paper focuses on the building design which is the foremost feature that plays a role in the extent of damage caused by the earthquake occurrence. In order to improve the building design, there are innovative products such as Cross-laminated timber (CLT) and Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) that have numerous pluses.
CLT is an invented wooden item with its development that took place eleven years back but got initialized in Austria and Germany only recently (Schneider et al., 2012). Since then, it has been a main source of attraction in Europe for its unique application in residential as well as non-residential purposes. The use of CLT as a structural component in Europe has proved that it is a competitive product that can be successfully applied to medium height as well as high-rise buildings. (Popovski et al., 2010)
Though Cross Laminated Timber has numerous advantages in its wake, its utilization is not that widespread as there is a lack of its use in UK and only in recent, it got the entry in the market of North America. However, it has a more promising prospect in Canadian city centres where efforts are being made to create structures that can be proved as sustainable. (Popovski et al., 2010)
Further exploration into the understanding of this innovative structural member to study the influence on CLT under earthquake circumstances has been studied to a great detail under the SOFIE project, Italy. ( Ceccotti et al., 2006)
The influence of seismic waves over the low and medium height structures was studied. Under this experimental agenda, various kinds of CLT wall designs with distinguished patterns of wall openings were considered to observe the individual behaviour of CLT wall panels under different conditions. (Popovski et al., 2010)