土木工程论文:加拿大经济投资下降的因素

土木工程论文:加拿大经济投资下降的因素

企业对加拿大经济的投资在2015年有所下降,自去年以来对GDP增长率造成了显著的拖累。去年大宗商品价格下跌阻碍了经济活动,投资大幅下滑是主要原因之一。然而,石油价格名义上的小幅上涨提高了加元升值对经济发展的希望。3月16日公布的第一份预算强调了可能有助于刺激经济的某些方面。然而,联邦自由派人士声称,预算不只是带来经济变革的责任,因为他们不是实施“创新政策”的媒介。本文旨在通过一个适当的增长模式来分析加拿大经济中可以实施的刺激创新的一系列政策,最终影响人均收入和GDP增长率。首先,如果加拿大想专注于创新和增长,它就必须让经济移民走上同样的道路。目前,移民制度在雇主的职业道路上设置了一些障碍。一个最具天赋和技能的人力资源,可以被招聘,通常被系统破坏。

土木工程论文:加拿大经济投资下降的因素

加拿大财长比尔•莫诺(Bill Morneau)表示,如果该国寻求成为全球创新领袖,那么所有的经济移民政策都必须落实到位。他重申,创新战略不可能有效或成功,除非它得到本可以在国内开发的人才资源和海外招聘的支持(Breznitz 2016)。加拿大自由党(Liberal Party of Canada)强调,为了吸引更多的国际人才,该国必须将重点放在移民政策上,这一程序现在被竞争对手国家积极采用,以触发“创新”因素进入其经济边界。然而,他们仍然不确定吸引这些移民的过程,比如他们是否应该被公司或政府官僚招募。这种移民制度在两个不同的政策原则下相互竞争。一方面,政府正急切地寻求吸引全球顶尖人才,另一方面,他们希望加拿大人先找到工作。政府最新推出的“快速进入”计划旨在帮助雇主寻找他们想要的人才,但如今这一计划受到了很多成员的批评,因为他们觉得随着时间的推移,这阻碍了他们创造吸引力的能力(Cartwright 2016)。

土木工程论文:加拿大经济投资下降的因素

Business Investment in Canadian economy has decreased in the year 2015 and has depicted a phenomenal drag on GDP growth rate since last year. This collapsed investment is one of the primary reasons of drop in commodity prices last year that has hindered the economic activity. However, a minor nominal increase in oil prices has raised the hope for economic development in terms of strengthened Canadian Dollar. The announcement of first budget in Mar ’16 highlighted certain aspects that may help to trigger the economy. However, Federal Liberals alleged that budget is not solely responsible to bring any changes in the economy, as they are not the mediums to execute the ‘innovation policy’. This paper aims to analyze the set of policies that could have been implemented to trigger innovation in Canadian economy in line with an appropriate growth model that will eventually affect the per capita income and GDP growth rate of the economy over time. Firstly, if Canada is interested to focus on innovation and growth, it must put the economic immigration on the same path. Currently, the immigration system has set forth some barriers in the employers’ path. One of the most talented and skilled human resources that can be recruited is generally undermined by the system.

土木工程论文:加拿大经济投资下降的因素
Bill Morneau, Canada’s finance minister stated that if the country seeks to become a global innovative leader, then all the economic immigration policies must be best put in place. He reiterated that an innovation strategy could not be effective or successful unless it is backstopped by the talented human resource that could have been developed domestically and recruitment from overseas (Breznitz 2016). The Liberal Party of Canada highlighted that country must focus on its immigration policies in order to attract more talent internationally, a procedure now aggressively adopted by competitor countries in order to trigger the factor of ‘innovation’ into their economic boundaries. However, they are still unsure about the process of courting these immigrants, as whether they should be recruited by the companies or the government bureaucrats. This immigration system is competing at two different policy principles. On the one hand, government is eagerly seeking to attract top-notch talent globally, and on the other hand, they want Canadians to get jobs first. Government’s latest plan, Express Entry was introduced with the aim to facilitate employers to seek talent they desire but today it is largely criticized by members as they feel it has hampered their abilities to create attraction over time (Cartwright 2016).