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新西兰代写-三重底线模型的三个要素

新西兰代写-三重底线模型的三个要素。三重底线模型包含了公司发展底线的三个要素。一种是衡量公司利润的传统方法。这是公司的一个典型底线,在这个底线中,有形的利润和亏损都被计入了过程中。第二个因素是人的因素。这是关于如何考虑到本组织人员对行动的社会意识。第三个因素是行星账户(Sanchez, 2015)。这是对人们如何对环境负责的测量。因此,三重底线的三个因素是人、星球和利润因素。

The company tries to understand the impact of the people action and profit requirements on the planet and try to determine a middle ground approach that would be beneficial for all stakeholders involved in the operation. The companies in this model try to develop a balanced scorecard approach in measuring with what the people have got and what they would like to achieve in the future. The companies measure the impact of their social and environmental endeavours and try to act as a socially responsible organization (Sanchez, 2015). In this process, there is mixing of the tangible profit requirements of the company and the final social consciousness of the company. It enables the people to learn about the growth as well as be socially responsible in the process. Each of the three principles of people, planet and profit are analysed and the company then formulates its own process from this assessment. The companies use these three factors and develop their own paradigm requirements and approach to address these clauses. This is used as a formula to develop unique models.
Other Considerations
Some of these models would be overlapping with one another, and it is because the most basic aspects of these models and their objectives are usually aimed at the same thing. It is critical to use this while applying the models to understand the sustainability situation of SIA (Sanchez, 2015). For instance, consider how the Triple Bottom line and cooperative models can be represented hand in hand. In the triple bottom line model, the economic elements, the environmental element and the people element are all integrated. The environmental element refers to the different ways the business can operate in ways that it has minimal impact on the environment and sustains and supports the regeneration of natural sources. Economic sustainability of the TBL refers to the form of economic burden that is raised by the business to the environment and people, and also could be used to understand how economic operations could be sustained within the organization in a least impact way. Similarly understanding the people aspects would be helpful to prevent conflictsbecause of organizational impact on society (Boiral & Henri, 2015). The cooperative models helphighlight how different players become critical for the same aspects represented by the triple bottom line. According to the cooperation model, it will actually be helpful to understand how the different aspects of TBL, such as people, environment and economic aspects could have an effect on one another. Coordination will add to benefits in the overall interaction.
Results, Analysis, Conclusions and Recommendations
Here, data from the past annual year CSR reports of Singapore Airlines would be taken and a benchmark analysis would be conducted by comparing against best practices in the industry based on the different models identified above. Secondary research data analysis of the sustainability reporting and initiative of SIA is also presented here.
Results
The sustainability report which is made use of here is the one that SIA has release for the time period of 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 (SIA, 2016). Screen shots of the reports are presented and some of the more concise details that could be discussed from the report based on the different models presented earlier are tabulated and presented.

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论文代写-西方在代谢期结构中对日本建筑产生的影响

论文代写-西方在代谢期结构中对日本建筑产生的影响。在此之前,日本从未受到过西方世界的任何影响。但现在情况发生了变化。1960年,世界设计大会在东京召开,讨论与通用设计有关的问题,从中可以看到西方的重大影响。正是在这次会议上,对西方建筑进行了相关的讨论,并与日本建筑进行了相同的实现。会议由世界上一些最好的建筑组成,包括浅田隆、阿瓦祖清吉、关健二。这些艺术家的创作动机来自于西方乌托邦式的巨型结构建筑(Nitschke, 1964, pp. 509)。这个群体也受到了勒柯布西人思想的影响。许多伟大的建筑师都受到了西方建筑的启发。这就是西方在代谢期结构中产生影响的原因(Karakiewicz, 2005)。

Some of the influence of the metabolists included the post-apocalyptic and post-war like situations. These were in the form of the characters such as amine and manga. The characters which were related to amine and manga had been related to the environment in such a manner that these were similar to the way in which the people interacted with the environment.
The names of the city were also done in such a manner that were inspired from western thought in some or the other manner. The city names were dependent on the basis of the machine. The metabolism architecture was practiced during those times. The metabolist architecture consisted of the designed which were generally, movable, flexible and were built out of the cells which were similar to that of the living organism (Kuan, 2013, pp.189). The plan also allowed for enabling of the dynamic growth and was also much responsive to the inhabitants in spite of trying to have an overarching construction which the inhabitants actually wanted to implement.
Another major thought which was popular during the Metaboist age was to do the significant rebirth from the physical devastation which was done during the times of World War 2. The architects during these times believed that the Metabolists were interested more in the culture and tradition of Japan but along with the same, they were much more interesting in combining the same with some of the recent ideas related to the technology.
The theories which were implemented during these times were economical as well as it was easier to add small components rather than to create several individual buildings. Because of the same, the urban cities where Metabolist architectural styles were implemented were much more cohesive in comparison to other cities of the world. Another great architecture in Japan during this period was Kenzo Tange (Pernice, 2004). The designs of Kenzo Tange were also an aid to the metabolist movement. His plans were so effective and impactful that they gave boon to metabolism. His architecture was inspired from that of West and many of his works includes the elements from western architecture (Cho, 2012, pp. 72). An example of his work during this period includes the Tokyo’s Bay Plan. This was a mega structure which consisted of a very large framework consisting of a number of movable and smaller parts. This was again inspired from the West and the buildings were attached and detached from the super highways. The design of the entire structure build over Tokyo Bay was inspired from the Western architecture. The roads which were planned to be created under such a plan were designed in such a manner as if they appeared as the arteries or veins. This kind of construction was inspired from west as these roads were previously available only in the western architectural forms.
Another famous architecture which consists of western influences was the Marine city. This structure had been built after the conference held in Tokyo. The structure of the interior of the building had been setup in such a manner that it was a permanent and an open living space which had been surrounded by the spaces which could be easily replaced. In addition to this, the Marine City features a large number of cylindrical towers which also permits a large number of circular units which were joined and plugged. Some of these towers had been placed in such a manner that they appeared as the circular disks which floated over water. This was another plan which was influenced from the western architecture (Schalk, 2004).

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奥克兰论文代写-巴西国家石油公司丑闻

奥克兰论文代写-巴西国家石油公司丑闻。这篇文章的目的是解释和理解巴西国家石油公司的丑闻,因为这是发生在巴西最大的腐败丑闻之一。这篇文章也很重要,因为它很好地展示了路易斯·伊纳西奥·卢拉·达·西尔瓦的角色,他在2003年到2010年间一直是巴西的总统。他的腐败牵涉到许多国家的领导人和人民。因此,本文旨在向公众介绍Lava Jato的问题和操作。

The Council of Hemisphere was founded in 1975 for promoting the interest of the American Hemisphere. The aim of the COHA was to bring the regional issues in the light and to strengthen the importance of Inter-American relations. This is a non-profit and independent research and information organization that increases the visibility of the regional affairs. COHA is also seen as one of the most active organizations in US that is dealing with a wide range of political, economic and diplomatic issues and also responds to economic and political challenges in the hemisphere.

This article has been produced to explain and understand the Petrobras Scandal, as it is one of the largest corruption scandals that took place in Brazil. This article is also important because it significantly displayed the role of Luis Inácio Lula da Silvawho had been the president of Brazil from 2003 to 2010. His corruption had involved many leaders and reputed people of the country. Therefore, this article was presented to inform general public about the issue and operation Lava Jato.

Main people involved in this scandal are the political fissures and leaders of Brazil. Some of the people that were involved were the former President of Brazil, Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, Current President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff who had appointed Lula as her mentor in politics. Senator Delcídio do Amaral was also arrested in the year 2105. He informed about the involvement of many colleagues from the government and many from the opposition party. Therefore, the main involvement was of the political leaders in the scandal. The businessmen involved in this case were mainly from the oil, fuel and energy fuel industry. Some were from the construction companies.

Petrobras is a multinational corporation of Brazil whose headquarter is situated in Rio de Janeiro. The legal ties that the company has with the Brazilian government display that Brazilian government owns 54% of the direct shares of Petrobras with voting rights. Brazilian Development Bank and Brazil’s Sovereign Wealth Fund 。

Petrobras is publically trading international oil company same like Exxon Mobil. Both the companies are publically traded, but they are controlled by the Government. The control over the major decision remains in the hands of government and not shareholders (Von Glahn and Taulbee, 2015). The private international law refers to the laws, treaties, rules and regulations that help to govern the private individual in international market. The Private international law mainly deals with the non-governmental transactions. The Public international law is the law that governs different nations, their government bodies and interaction between them. Therefore, this contract will be governed by the public international law.

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论文代写-反社会人格受环境影响的因素

论文代写-反社会人格受环境影响的因素。研究人员普拉特(Pratt et al., 2002)能够识别出像反社会人格、注意力缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)及其他亚分类这样的疾病可以在一定程度上遗传下来。在其他情况下,攻击性是由于学校里的同伴压力,或通过观察那些本身具有攻击性的父母或看护人而产生的长期沮丧而形成的。因此,环境的影响被认为是一个重要的影响。

Studies cite that around two-thirds of juvenile delinquency was observed in families where parents had a criminal record (Stewart, 2008). As Stewart (2008) and Sibley et al. (2011) argued, when a biological father was a criminal, there were high chances for the child to be a criminal, too. Researchers like Ghodsian-Carpey & Baker (1987) performed studies where they observed a high amount of heritable influence in aggression. A high degree of correlation was observed. A typical case study for some of these elements and their influence on criminal tendencies is John Wayne Gacy Junior otherwise known as killer clown. John Wayne Gacy is a serial killer who had a difficult childhood because of his weight. He lived in an abusive environment, faced aggression contributing elements in his life, and therein some of these elements and their contribution on criminal and psychopathic tendencies have been studied in detail by researchers. Research by Mitchell & Aamodt (2005) highlighted how the incidence of abusive environments and parents leads to criminal tendencies in later life.
As much as those traumatized children who turned to be criminal, we need to note that not all people end up being so. For example, researchers like Rushton et al. (1986) highlighted that not all children would display a behavioural disorder. Some would learn to grow out their aggressive tendency and hence the possibility from childhood aggression to criminality would be reduced.
1.2. Aims/hypotheses
The aim of this paper is to critically analyse, discuss the correlations, and trace the pathway from ADHD induced aggression, aggressive parents, the environment influence, and antisocial personality on adult criminal tendencies.
The research questions are,
1) How ADHD related aggression leads to the onset of adult criminal tendencies?
2) How aggressive parents lead to criminal tendencies in the grown-up child?
3) How environment like school and family contribute to aggressive childhood that leads to adult criminal tendencies?
4) How antisocial personality related aggression leads to adult criminal tendencies?
Based on the research aim and questions, four hypotheses are generated which are as follows.
Hypothesis 1: Childhood conduct problems like ADHD related aggression results in criminal tendencies when the child becomes an adult
Hypothesis 2: A history of aggression in the parents of a child results in criminal tendencies when the child becomes an adult
Hypothesis 3: Influence of environment such as school institutions induced peer pressure, bullying etc. causes friction and aggression that results in criminal tendencies when the child becomes an adult
Hypothesis 4: Antisocial personality related aggression results in criminal tendencies when the child becomes an adult.

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新西兰论文代写-音乐制作过程中的创造性

新西兰论文代写-音乐制作过程中的创造性。一张专辑要想成功,就必须有连贯的音乐和合适的声音。对于音频工程师来说,拥有适当的技术技能和批判性听力能力是很重要的。必须具备完成工作所必需的专业技能。在健全的工程方面,必须结合技术技能、最新趋势和创新,向人民提供信息。每一个时代,都可以看到重大的技术发展。在这个系统中,产生了一种独特的声音。

In this system, a unique sound is developed. The innovation and the creative talents lie in the hands of the respective audio engineers. Each audio engineer has their own talents and limitations (Gibson, 2005). A job of the audio engineer was to take on a role that is within the recording studio. As recording technology of the people was getting more and more complicated, the role of the engineer started to gain prominence. They were initially pondered to be only a technician; however, they had taken over a number of creative roles in the music production process.
In this analysis, the works of Michael Brauer sound engineer will be probed. The works of this sound engineer will be analysed with the theoretical notions.
About the Musical Era
The 3rd wave of development in the sound and audio recording started around 1945. In this time, the wide spread use of the magnetic tape recording. The technology was originally invented in 1930s. These however remained restricted to Germany until the World War II. The Magnetic tape had provided another leap into the audio fidelity. Allied observers had become aware of the newer technology owing to the audio quality (Miller, 1977). These had stemmed from the pre-recorded programs. These were indistinguishable from the live broadcast. In 1950s and early 1960, the use of the Magnetic tape was pondered to be a standard medium of audio mastering and recording. This had led to the formulation of the multi-track tape recording for the music. These were stored in the form of discs and tapes. In addition, it included the development of the full-frequency-range disc production. A change was observed from the shellac to polyvinyl plastic for the purposes of disc manufacture. It was during this period that invention of 33rpm was done. These included 12-inch-long playable disc and 45rpm 7-inch. This introduction of the domestic and portable tape recorders aided to the higher consumer consumption of music. The music was experienced in a different angle and this was welcomed by the consumers (Gottlieb, 2010). The development of the first “sampling keyboards” and the focus on the tape-based keyboard was during this time. These tools increased the number of ways, and an artist can emulate emotion and reach out to a wider array of people. 4th phase of music recording is considered to be the digital era. There are far reaching and dramatic changes that are observed in the audio recording. In a period of 20 years, the digital sound encoding has gained prominence. A number of short lived “hybrid” studio and consumer technologies had also arisen in this era. There was the development of the digital compact disc in this period. The CDS were gaining gradual prominence. It is evident that the engineering and sound mixing had gained more sophistication. A number of innovative sound engineers had developed during this era. One of the critically acclaimed sound engineers is Michael Brauer. A brief introduction about the techniques used by Brauer has been detailed in the following.

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哈密尔顿论文代写-组织变革管理

哈密尔顿论文代写-组织变革管理。随着科技的不断发展、员工知识的增长和工作实践的转变,这些转变很可能成为组织生活的主要特征。可以概括地说,大多数组织接受这些变化,但只有70%的组织实现了它们所期望的目标。关于组织中出现的变更的重要性日益增加,文献综述概述了变更管理的概念和各种过程,包括促成变更管理成功的因素。

Changes within the company are filled with complexities and consist of various theories which are not only confusing but also contradictory. Within the context of literature, one of the major perspectives which are influential in nature is the approaches which are planned. This was put forth by Lewis who was of the opinion that the changes mainly involves three processes which include the positioning of the present behaviour, moving towards a new behaviour and then finally bringing a new behaviour. This is a three step model which was mainly adopted for the purpose of understanding the processes of organisational change. Since the very beginning of its formulation, the theory has not only been reviewed but also modified. The stages have all been divided in order to make the steps more specific. A four stage model was developed by Bullock and Batten (1985) which consisted of exploration, planning, action and lastly integration. Although Lewin’s theory has gained incredible popularity, it has undergone tremendous criticism as well due to its application only on small scale samples. This model has been based on the assumption that the organisations act under certain conditions which at times cannot be taken into account. It was observed that change is considered as a process of learning. This will help the organisation to react to all the changes that are related to the environment both internally and externally. As suggested by Todnem (2005), this is an approach which focuses on the readiness and facilitation of change other than providing steps which are pre planned.
The Psychological Contract
This contract was defined by Rousseau in the year 1989. It was a belief by the individuals regarding the conditions and the terms of the relationships with the other parties. The importance of the psychological contract is mainly twofold. The content of this contract is mainly not written, extremely informal and implicit. It is a fact that both the employees and the employers are likely to have different views in fulfilling the obligations of each of the party. One of the major criteria lies in the fact that the openness about the contract is crucial especially when it is associated with change. The other way where this concept of psychological contract is useful is that the organisational change enables to bring about a balance in the contract (Andriopoulos and Dawson, 2017). With an open environment and suitable channels of communication, it is the manager that ensures the fact that the expectations of both the employers and the employees are communicated well and clear. The expectations of the employers should be addressed effectively (Ingols et al., 2015).

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基督城论文代写-妇女在社会中的发展

基督城论文代写-妇女在社会中的发展。不同的政策方法被用来研究妇女及其在社会中的发展。虽然在现实中,这种发展的范围因地而异,因国而异,但为短期、中期或长期制定的计划仍然不同。这些计划有助于增强妇女的权能,并将其用于社会的发展。这篇文章指定了不同的第三条技术,将妇女与发展联系起来,并着重于性别平等。在消除实际实践和与性别有关的理论之间的差距方面已经作出了努力。

One more article that has been reviewed for the study is Will the real gender pay gap please stand up? which had been published in Academic Rigour and authored by R. Cassells (The Conversation, 2017). This author is of similar thoughts like of the previous article’s author. She claims that most of the people do not accept that a gender pay gap exists. The major reasons behind nonexistence are given as the type of working, choices of females or the law is followed by businesses. However, it is seen that gender pay disparity is a kind of straightforward discrimination and it reflects the inequality among the Australian labour market. A number of ways can be utilised for finding out the differences among average wages of men and women who have full-time jobs. This study also shows that in the past, there hasn’t been much change in the gender pay gap. Article covers different industries which experience the gender pay gap. Although the females are dominant in healthcare and social aid, still the gender gap exists in the society. Even with the rise in the position and level of the employee, there is an increase in the pay structure and therefore, this becomes wider.
Women, Gender and Development: The Evolution of Theories and Practice- by R. Singhal
The last article which has been reviewed shows the way in which role played by women is understated. This article looks into different problems and apprehensions which have to be dealt with so that the gender bias can be resolved. Various developmental programmes take place in the society and have to be focused towards the development of women (Pds.sagepub.com, 2017). This article shows that the growth and development of women have a huge impact on the social development. It can be seen that most of the female workers are more empowered than the male workers because they carry out all the office works as well as household works. Even though they perform double duties, they are not empowered by the society and even the government gives them lesser of loans for independence. Usually, the women don’t get higher education and very few of them become a part of government bodies.

From the first article, it can be concluded that the World Survey 2014 has a stern and selfless role to improve the perceptive of how gender equality is linked to sustainable development. The second article is taken from Academic rigour and it states how gender bias is impacting the workplace culture and how it can be dealt with. The third article that has been reviewed has also been taken from Academic rigour and it is similar to the second article reviewed in the essay. The final article shows how the development of women can be used for social growth and progress.

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新西蘭會計學論文代寫-業務溝通

新西蘭會計學論文代寫-業務溝通。業務溝通是一個需要應用於每個主觀情境的過程。它需要作為一個公式來理解這些問題。在這個特殊的過程中,觀察到同理心需要練習。在人們意見相左的情況下,這些發現是相關的。在這些情況下,調解員的作用需要集中於通過堅持同理心原則來減少沖突的方法。

The project manager who had come in to address the conflict made it clear that all the people ideas were welcome. There was an organic process of ensuring that the people in the team were all included (Chaney and Martin, 2013). There was focus on inclusivity in the team. Once this was done, there were more viewpoints that were discussed by the members of the team. The people in the team each wanted to ensure that their voices were heard (Ober, 2009). They had to arrive at a consensus that they were moving towards the final objective of developing a unique product deliverable. The team members were found to work cohesively once the modern management theories and system of reasoning was used to address the issues (Chaney and Martin, 2013). It was observed that the project manager was able to use a number of techniques to reconstruct the team formulation.
Reconstructing
The facilitator role was reassigned to documentation of the progress. In this the facilitator could key in the inputs about the variety of the progress. In this there is autonomy for the supervisor. The supervisory control is maintained (Ober, 2009). The other team members were assigned work primarily based on their qualifications. Additionally, they could make the changes based on their viewpoints. There was autonomy provided to all the team members. There were efforts taken to reduce the power distance index (Ober, 2009). Culture model theories can be used to address the conflicts that are found to arise in the people. These lead to a formulation of a number of cohesive solutions. The project manager finally alluded that the using of empathy and active listening can reduce the conflicts. There was a better flow of operations once the communication issues were resolved in the team.
Conclusion
From this it can be concluded that the business communication is a process that needs to be applied to each subjective situation. It needs to be used as a formula to understand the issues. In this particular process, it was observed that the empathy needs to be practiced. These are found to be relevant in cases where the people have conflicting opinions. In these situations, the role of the mediator needs to focus on the ways to reduce the conflict by the practice of adhering to the tenets of empathy.

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assignment代写-阿尔茨海默氏症对痴呆症的影响

assignment代写-阿尔茨海默氏症对痴呆症的影响。当阿尔茨海默病在一个人身上很明显时,大脑中会发生一些病理变化,大脑神经细胞停止进行。在某一时刻,神经细胞变得难以接近,感觉输入停止接受新信息。淀粉样级联假说较好地解释了这种情况。它描述了,和神经元的活动。突变发生在所有可能的方式创造常染色体显性形式。关键的蛋白质,如早老性苯胺1和2,与阿尔法生产密切相关。

There are three genes that are found to cause Alzheimer’s disease. These include (Melesie and Dinsa, 2013):
– APP, a membrane, located on chromosome 21
– Presenilin 1 located on chromosome 14
– Presenilin 2 located on chromosome 1
They lead to excessive production of the cells and result in deterioration of the causal genes.
The functionality of brain can be studied based on microscopic and macroscopic features. The macroscopic features are meant to study the medial temporal lobes and the activities of motor, visual and sensory regions. The pattern is usually detected with MRI scan but it is stereotypic by nature. The microscopic features include neurofibrillary tangles and the study of composition of various components within the brain (Pozo et al., 2011). These help to study the morphology and topography of the brain with better accuracy.
Cholinesterase is an enzyme that attempts to break down the acetylcholine which is neurotransmitters. People with Alzheimer’s disease display lower levels of this neurotransmitter. Cholinesterase inhibitors are meant to enhance the brain function. Still, the progress does not happen rapidly. It can be seen in measurable levels. Donepezil is suggested as the treatment methodology for Alzheimer’s disease in USA (Duthey, 2013). Glutamatergic agents are supposed to be the unnoticed groups of neurotoxic organisms that release large volumes of amino acids. Most of the patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease face loss of pyramidal neurons that are glutamatergic. When these receptors are stimulated excessively, the neuronal loss can affect the pathophysiology to a greater level.
Neuropathological
The neuropathologic criteria for this disease are as follows:
1. Topographic staging
2. Cut off of the quantitative values of the tangles and plaques
3. Age adjustment
The actual metrics available to study the tangles are semi quantitative. Therefore, new techniques are identified to determine even the mild lesions and study the contribution of brain damage to uncertainty (Jellinger, 2014).
Melesie and Dinsa (2013) have also identified few risk factors that contribute to this disease. These include cerebral infarcts, multiple microinfarcts and status lacunaris. Alzheimer’s disease has a dimension in the vascular structure as well. The major factors include atherosclerosis, reduced glucose metabolism, reduced perfusion and cerebral embolism.
Neuropathology can be analysed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, too. Patients facing mild cognitive impairment are already exposed to cognitive issues and this can affect baseline level. Such impairments are more likely to cause dementia. The autopsy studies for patients with MCI are scarce but they have also noted a mid level between demented patients and cognitive subjects. As already mentioned, Alzheimer’s disease is not restricted to people in their old ages. People in normal age also fall prey to Alzheimer’s disease (Pozo et al, 2011). Sometimes, it could be the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) within a person resulting in dementia or this disease. However, there is a significant overlap between the disease and lewy bodies. These seem to have similar impacts on the brains of patients and the progressive neural system undergoes a fatal failure. The entire process is irreversible by nature in the neural system.

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代写论文-检讨欧盟内部的地区差异

代写论文-检讨欧盟内部的地区差异。欧盟的区域一体化不是以共同发展、共同繁荣为目的的一体化。相反,欧盟完全相信放松对市场、劳动力和资本的管制,以及加快内部企业运转的举措,这些企业在其最自由的事务模式下,最终会导致不平等。因此,社会凝聚力在资本家中缺乏议程,他们往往会变得更富有,为国家贡献更高的GDP。欧盟为加快特定地区或城市发展而采取的集群发展战略让位于欧盟内部的不平衡发展(Ketels, Lindqvist和Solvell, 2008)。Boldrin和Canova(2001)注意到,20世纪80年代正在缩小的地区差异在90年代再次出现。有关欧盟内部曾存在地区平等的说法是错误的,毫无根据。

The issues of cohesion policy of the EU lie in its unanimous imposition of equal laws and taxes on the members. When a financial unstable nation, such as Spain or Greece, are made to follow the same rules as Germany, France and the UK, the disparities instead of reducing are strengthened to an extent that becomes severely difficult to reduce. As a result of the economic pre-conditions of UK, France, Germany, their GDP rose significantly after joining the EU, as they received access to new markets, but the weaker ones were fighting financial instability, resulting from the mixture of EU and national policies (Ezcurra and Pascual, 2007).
The following chart shows the GDP disparities among the member states of EU. There is a sharp difference between the Nordic countries, the UK and eastern EU nations. This belies the fact that EU was ever and shall, in the future, ever be capable of establishing economic equality among its members.
To penetrate and prove the inequality further, the below chart shows the growing divide in unemployment rates which across EU nations. The political, social, and economic ramifications are more harmful than equalising.
The highest to lowest unemployment ratio has risen from 1:3 in 2007 to 1:5 in 2017 (Courteille-Mulder, 2017), indicating a growing imbalance between nations in terms of rights and opportunities of equal employment. In other regions, Bratislava, a region revered as the sixth wealthiest region in the EU is not so, because the conditions and factors that describe such status are flawed and different from what they are used for other nations. Thus, the process or the methodology of declaring wealthy and less wealthy nations itself is questionable. The Bratislava mayor argues that due to such flawed methods of statistical analysis, the EU does not give as much funds as necessary, because the funds to be drawn depends on the economic performance of individual nations (Liptakova, 2017). Notwithstanding EU’s intention, such methods cultivate a culture of dissociation and disintegration among the citizens.
The biggest blow to the EU is the leaving of Britain from the bloc officially when the June 2016 referendum was announced. The reasons behind the “Leave” votes were due to the growing rift between UK and EU’s policy worldviews which were significantly contradictory. UK’s leadership felt that it would do much better if left alone and freed from EU obligations (Blockmans, 2016). Such misalignment of policy views comes when one nation, such as UK, becomes more powerful in the bloc and sees itself as a victim of being fathering other nations, when they don’t contribute substantially.
As regards to the structural funds plan of the EU, the region that falls below the average per capital income per person is 75% of the entire EU (Ertur and Koch, 2006). In proportion to the new accessions undertaken by EU, inequalities shall rise and not achieve a desired state of benchmark. It is noticed that the EU’s belief of pulling in more members to strengthen the bloc is actually fuelling more inequalities, because the new nations are already below the average per capital income per person of EU. Adding more members must not come at the expense of the already recovering weaker nations that are asked to wait longer for being eligible to break even or progress as per the objectives.

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