personal statement 代写:精神分析学

personal statement 代写:精神分析学

西格蒙德·弗洛伊德(1856-1939)是一位非常著名的心理学家,他对精神分析学进行了发展和修正。根据Gillian, R. (2001, p.100),“精神分析由一系列理论组成,其中大部分集中处理人类的主体性、性和无意识”。弗洛伊德发展并修正了许多关键的概念。弗洛伊德精神分析的基本理论是无意识理论(彭,M。弗洛伊德在此基础上又提出了许多其他理论,包括性心理发展、本我、自我、超我、俄狄浦斯情结和恋东癖。它们都是能够体现弗洛伊德理论核心思想的重要理论。然而,视觉对精神分析有着重要的意义(Gillian, R。, 2001,第100页)。电影是一种特别强大的视觉,它已被证明特别适合精神分析的解释(吉莉安,R。, 2001,第101页)。尤其是在希区柯克的电影中,很多弗洛伊德的理论都体现在电影中。

personal statement 代写:精神分析学
在解释无意识的意义之前,理解“主体性”这个术语是非常必要的。根据Gillian, R.(2001,第101页),“主观性意味着承认个体确实是主观的:我们通过一系列复杂且常常是非理性的理解方式来理解我们自己和我们的世界。”人们有感觉,有梦想,有幻想,他们可能会矛盾,惊慌失措,然后坠入爱河。“精神分析处理了这类情感状态(并且确实认为理性也是一种情感,它常常秘密地依赖于其他非理性的心理状态)”。但主观性还有更深的含义。精神分析认为,一些反应可能来自潜意识。弗洛伊德对潜意识的阐述有时被视为精神分析的奠基时刻。当一个很小的孩子的驱动力和本能开始受到文化规则和价值观的约束时,无意识就产生了。孩子被迫压抑那些被文化所禁止的驱力和本能,而它们的压抑产生无意识”(吉莉安,R。, 2001,第101页)。

personal statement 代写:精神分析学

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is a very famous psychologist who developed and revised the psychoanalysis. According to Gillian, R. (2001, p.100), “psychoanalysis consists of a range of theories, most of which centrally deal with human subjectivity, sexuality and the unconsciousness”. Freud developed and then revised many of the key concepts. The basic theory of Freudian psychoanalysis is the unconscious theory (Peng, M., 2009, p.110), based on which Freud has put forward many other theories, including psychosexual development, Id, ego, super-ego, the Oedipus complex and the scopophilia. They are all the important theories that can show the central idea of Freudian theory. However, the visual is of great significance to psychoanalysis (Gillian, R., 2001, p. 100). Film is an especially powerful visual which has proved particularly amenable to psychoanalytic interpretation (Gillian, R., 2001, p. 101). Especially in Hitchcock’s film, a lot of Freudian theories are incarnated in the film.

personal statement 代写:精神分析学
Before explaining the meaning of the unconscious, it is very essential to understand the term “subjectivity”. According to Gillian, R. (2001, p. 101), “subjectivity entails the acknowledgement that individuals are indeed subjective: that we make sense of ourselves and our worlds through a whole range of complex and often non-rational ways of understanding”. People have feelings, dreams, and the fantasies, and they can be ambivalent, panic-stricken and fall in love. “Psychoanalysis addresses these sorts of emotional states (and indeed argues that rationality is also a kind of emotion which often secretly depends on other non-rational states of mind)”. But subjectivity has further implications. Psychoanalysis argues that some reactions maybe comes from the unconscious. “Freud’s elaboration of the unconscious is sometimes seen as the founding moment of psychoanalysis. The unconscious is created when a very young child’s drives and instincts start to be disciplined by the cultural rules and values. The child is forced to repress the culturally forbidden aspects of those drives and instincts, and their repression produces the unconscious” (Gillian, R., 2001, p. 101).