美国大学申请文书:使用电子政府

美国大学申请文书:使用电子政府

对于一个发达国家来说,如果有受过高等教育、已经了解信息通信技术系统的人,这一点就能很好地实现。另一方面,一个受教育人数较少的国家可能会吸引有限数量的公民加入电子治理体系。此外,它还需要高层进行强有力的监管,才能有效地进行调节。然而,电子政务对电子民主的影响也存在一定的挑战。虽然使用互联网的市民比例有所上升,但仍有一小部分市民与互联网的发展和网上政府服务仍然脱节。这成为这次尝试中的一个关键挑战。

美国大学申请文书:使用电子政府
它还要求基于社区的人力资本开发有效地面对挑战(Dugdale et al., 2008)。成功的电子政府是可行的,如果而且只有当民主工作在社区利益和遵循项目,可以让公民变得热情。此外,当看到联网和改进的服务所带来的好处时,不联网的程度应在适当的时间内减少。Kolsaker and Liz(2008)对英国公民对电子政务的态度进行了研究。虽然这项研究是针对约三万名市民进行的,但研究结果对决定电子政府对社会的贡献及范畴非常有帮助。调查结果清楚显示市民对电子政府的兴趣不高。

美国大学申请文书:使用电子政府

For a developed nation, this can work out really well with a high degree of educated people who are already aware of ICT systems. On the other hand, a country with lesser number of educated people is likely to attract a limited number of citizens towards e-governance systems. Also, it requires strong regulation on the top to moderate effectively. Still, there are certain challenges in the impact of e-government on e-democracy. While a larger proportion of citizens make use of internet, there is a still a marginal proportion of citizens who still remain unconnected to the developments and the online government services. This becomes a key challenge in this attempt.

美国大学申请文书:使用电子政府
It also demands community based human capital development to face challenge effectively (Dugdale et al., 2008). Successful e-government is feasible if and only if the democracy works on community interest and follows programs that can let the citizens become enthusiastic towards them. Further, the degree of unconnected should diminish in a due course of time upon seeing the gains of the connected and improved services. Kolsaker and Liz (2008) have conducted a study on citizen’s attitudes towards e-governance in UK. While the study was conducted for about 30,000 citizens, the results were very helpful to decide on the aspects and offerings of e-government to the society. The findings have clearly indicated that the interest towards e-government is low.