论文代写-托马斯·莫尔爵士的《乌托邦》。乌托邦政府计划维持一个经济上可行的社会，在这个社会里，每个人，包括男人和女人，都必须为生存或挨饿付出同等的努力，正如他所记录的那样，这种理想在英国也应该得到更多的实施。希斯洛德说，乌托邦人会伸出援手，积极参与各种行业，以求得文明社会的生存。根据个人的力量和技能(More, Bacon and Nevile，第53页)，政府管理层将交易“分配”给个人。托马斯·莫尔爵士的乌托邦中乌托邦政府的管理负责合理利用“时间”，防止无所事事。因此，托马斯·莫尔爵士希望人们批判性地思考社会的生存和维持方式。乌托邦的公平政策仅仅反映了欧洲社会的消极一面。
Population Control measure is critical in Utopian Economy since the fundamental pillar for a society’s survival is human labor force. Though, it has also been observed that over population will lead to discomfort (Ackroyd, 1998, p. 15). The need for the number segmentation, the shuffling and the dictatorship in order to maintain the same is not explained clearly by Hythloday (Wilde, 2017, p. 12). The balance in the population has given focus by Sir Thomas More due to bring stability in the nation.
Traveling to another city for visit or leisure is an uphill and unpredictable task for a Utopian. Hythloday maintained that any individual wishes to do so can obtain written permission from the concerned elected officials unless they are needed at the city (More, 2017, p.26). This is a reflection of a collectivist society (Wilde, 2017, p. 15) was leaving a community without permission is seen as a severely punishable crime. Thus, Sir Thomas More has tried to focus on the strong administration in this matter of seeking permission at Utopia.
The morality of the government was questionable because of the dictatorial policies which disregard human rights (Brotton, 2006, p. 7) and it inspired More to author Utopia. One can further extend the doubt towards the people who readily accept these policies. Hythloday explains that it is unjust and inhuman to pursue one’s own interest and pleasures by depriving others of their survival need (More, 2017, p. 126). Thus, it is clear that this trait in human is systematically addressed and controlled. Further, it is believed that the acts one performs through self-sacrifice are a definite path towards never ending pleasure after death. This is an instance of metaphysics in Utopia, a non-Christian nation. As a Christian, Sir Thomas More believed that the people who are not the follower of Christ still behaved better than the non-Christians and that is reflected in his thought (Olin, J., 1989, p.2)
Marriage in Utopia is also regulated. It is a little more than a contract. Clandestine pre-marital intercourse is deemed as a punishable offense to the extent that both man and women are forbidden from future marriage (Wilde, 2017, p. 22). For overt-premarital intercourse, the adult parties are enslaved and as explained by Hythloday, it is the strictest. On the contrary, according to Hythloday’s justification, in contemporary England, thievery is excusable if granted. It is more ironical for Hythloday to say that it is not justified to bind people by laws which are quite huge and obscure. Utopia was used as a satirical tool to hint at King Henry VIII’s promiscuous lifestyle and his breaking away from the church to marry Ann Boleyn.
Another striking feature of Utopia is its foreign policy that reflects another nature of a collectivist society. It pays no heed to the crimes (Wilde, 2017, p. 78) of their own people in the foreign land and demands the release of their prisoners (More, 2017, p. 56). In his description of Utopian foreign policy, Hythloday declares that if a Utopian is held captive in a foreign land due to any crime, he must be released to the Utopian Government or else a war is raged (More, 2017, p. 16).
Free-speech has also been disregarded in Utopian Policy which More felt should be implemented in England as well (More, 2017, p. 110). This is because this government protects collective and community interests but not individual rights, which is clearly mentioned that deciding upon public interests is a criminal offense. And these decisions are vested in the governmental officials (More, 2017, p. 110). This approach is justified since individuals become destructive when confused or influenced. To preserve the collective well-being, it is crucial to maintaining a single belief among the people (More, 2017, p. 125). European intolerance and restrictions in free speech at Europe was the main reason that provoked Sir Thomas More to consider them in the Utopian Government.
Hythloday concludes with triumph that the Utopian country is superior above the other countries because they have successfully abolished insatiable selfish desires and greed—the instrumental vices that tear apart governments and community (More, Bacon and Nevile, 2008, pp 53). These policies of Utopia not only safeguard the community interests but also allow for a societal functioning, which is controlled by the sate (More, 2017, p. 126).
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