Crime is not committed simply because of the individual. There are several driving factors that force the individuals to commit crime. They are reprehended and not given the tools to succeed. This causes more crimes in the societies. Critical criminology paves the path for the solutions. Anthropologist and sociologist suggest that critical criminology should be analyzed to reduce crime rate in the societies. For this, the fundamental ideological changes should occur in the societies. It is not limited to any one facet of the societies. To understand the nuances of critical criminology, there should be understanding of the structural functionalism in the societies. Structural functionalism determines how the society functions as a complex system. There are several aspects and variables that are considered in this process. Analysis of crime from looking into the structural functionalism in societies is critical criminology. There is an imperative need for analysis of the roots of crime that occur in the societies.
Critical criminology is a conjectural standpoint in the field of criminology. It focuses on developing comprehensive analysis. Primarily, it emphasizes on questioning the conventional ideologies and beliefs related to crime and criminal justice. It divulges in detail about the nuances of bias that exists in the society. This however does not only focus on any one ideology. It encompasses Marxism, feminism, political factors and differential economic theory. It helps in understanding the real impact of the different ideologies propagated and also the fallacies in the societies. It probed into the reasons as to why a person indulges in crime. It aids in understanding about society, beliefs and crimes from a holistic angle. This helps in understanding the vulnerabilities in ideologies that exist in the different societies. By analyzing this aspect, crime rate in societies can be reduced.