Different sources of references are journals, newspaper articles, books, reports etc. There are numerous academic sources, while using those sources, it is important to have a uniform system of referencing in order to present the sources clearly and uniformly. Referencing system is an organized system that is used to clearly explain the in-text citations and reference (Lampert, 2014). Information is obtained from different credible sources for the purpose of academic essay. There are a number of factors that need to be factored while establishing proper referencing system. There are clear mandates in the referencing system for each kind of source. There is a need for uniform resources to present the data clearly and legibly. For this, a number of standardized referencing systems are followed. They are Harvard system, APA system, Chicago style of referencing, MLA referencing, AGLC law citations, etc. (Shashikiran, 2014). These uniform systems are developed for the people to understand the sources of data used for the particular work.
One of the most popular referencing systems is the Harvard referencing system. It is used predominately by many universities around the world. This is considered to be one of the uniform systems of referencing information (Hanington & Martin, 2012). Harvard referencing uses the author, data style of in text citation. There is a definitive formula as to how each source of data must be represented. Some similar protocols are seen for different sources.
Author or the researchers last name comes first followed by the year of publication. In the case of book source title, edition number, place of publication and name of publisher is presented in the reference. In the case of Journal apart from the name and year of publication, title of the journal, name of journal, volume, issue and page reference is mentioned. In the case of websites similarly after the name and year, title of webpage, web address and the date of access are mentioned in the reference. For the case of newspaper reference similar to the other sources apart from name and year of publication, title of the article, newspaper, exact data and page number is provided. These are some of the most commonly used sources of information that is presented in the reference style. Apart from this, the sources of information used can be reports, specific chapters in books, and even video reference can be used as a credible source of information (Bozeman & Melkers, J. , 2013).
From the task activities, the intricate detail involved in the referencing process was understood. Harvard system of referencing was understood to give importance to the name of the author and the year of publication. This had enabled the students to understand how Harvard referencing system works. From this there can be usage of proper credible sources. Apart from this, it also gives insights as to how to classify resources presented by others.