留学申请文书代写-演绎方法的研究过程

留学申请文书代写-演绎方法的研究过程。演绎方法是占主导地位的研究方法,这意味着通过严格的测试来发展一个理论。这是一种方法,在这种方法中,定律是解释的基础,允许对现象的预测,预测它们的发生,因此允许它们被控制。因此,这种方法允许研究使用理论来建立假设。研究者通过确认或拒绝假设来解决问题,收集各种数据和信息。另一方面,“与演绎方法相反,对事件的观察是在理论以归纳方法得出之前进行的。”这是一种灵活的方法,因为不需要预先确定的理论来收集数据和信息。研究人员在对理论进行分析之前收集数据。他们使用观察到的数据和事实来得出初步的假设,并将一个理论定义为研究问题。接下来论文范文留学申请文书代写-演绎方法的研究过程分享给留学生阅读。

“Deductive approach is a dominant research approach, which means developing a theory through a rigorous test. It is an approach where laws present the foundation of explanation, allow the anticipation of phenomena, predict their occurrence and therefore permit them to be controlled. Hence, this approach allows the research to use theory to establish a hypothesis. The researcher is to confirm or reject the hypothesis to resolve issue and collect various data and information.” On the other hand, “Contrary to the deductive approach, the observation of events is made before the theory is made in an inductive approach. It is a flexible approach because no predetermined theory is required to collect data and information. The researchers collect data before a theory is made after the analysis of the same. They use the observed data and facts to arrive at the tentative hypothesis and define a theory as the research problem. This helps the research to give inductive arguments.”
Under deductive approach, the first step is to derive a tentative hypothesis from the theory. Next step is to seek for an appropriate method to test the hypothesis. Then data are collected to test the hypothesis. Based on the results of data analysis, it is decided whether there is empirical support for the hypothesis. Under the context of this research, the research approach relies on deductive method. Secondary data were gathered by review of theory and literature, including journals, articles, books and online databases. Primary data were collected by a questionnaire survey. The results intend to verify or reject the hypotheses and may be translated to a new modelling approach and theorizing in international marketing. Moreover, when applying data collection techniques to research, philosophy of positivism shows advantages of highly structured, large samples, measurement, and used for quantitative research when comparing with other research philosophies (Saunders et al, 2009). Therefore, philosophy of positivism is appropriate for this research.

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