网络中立的背后有一个社会和经济因素。根据资本主义社会的概念，网络中立是指在所有服务提供者之间提供平等的概念。关于技术决定论，学者们一直争论不休。一些人认为互联网技术有其黑暗的一面，它正在削弱民主，人类正在被它破坏。然而，也有人认为，企业利益阻碍了用户和互联网理解其全部潜力，这将在没有政府干预的情况下继续发生(Yoo, 2014)。康卡斯特垄断了高速互联网网络。由于学者认为,互联网日益被垄断,这正在发生,因为有线电视服务坐在最合适的位置提供每秒100字节(Mbps)或1 gb每秒(Gbps)服务,这是非常有效地要求观看高清晰度视频。然而，康卡斯特(Comcast)和威瑞森(Verizon)等公司曾面临电话公司的收购。电话公司提供互联网线路，也被称为数字用户线路(DSL)。根据Crawford(2013)的研究，DSL已经过时了。
Verizon是一家无线电话服务提供商，为谷歌的Android、苹果的IOS、微软的Windows phone和BalckBerry的OS服务手机提供无线互联网服务。Verizon提供的光纤到户(FTTH)服务对有线服务提供商来说是一个有效的完成。他们不再专注于FTTH，而是扩展了无线宽带。这无法与有线电视提供商提供的带宽竞争。因此，Verizon提供的服务更具体地补充了有线服务，而不是作为一个竞争对手(Crawford, 2013)。NBC环球(NBC Universal)和康卡斯特(Comcast)的合并将压制Netflix等在线视频分销公司。康卡斯特垄断了美国的高速互联网，这将与NBC环球的节目属性相结合，他们的结合将对OBC的最后一英里连接构成障碍(Crawford, 2013)。Verizon和AT&T的合并将有效地成为互联网市场的双头垄断，它们目前不太可能降低价格或改善服务。
There is a social and economic component behind net neutrality. According to the concept of the capitalist society, net neutrality is the concept to provide equality among all the service providers. There has been debate among the scholars about the technological determinism. Some of the people believe that there is a dark side to the technology of the Internet, which is weakening the democracy and humanity is being undermined by it. However, there are others who believe that corporate interest is preventing the users and Internet from understanding its complete potential and this will continue to happen without government interference (Yoo, 2014). Comcast have the monopoly over the high speed Internet networks. Due to which scholars believe that Internet access is becoming progressively more monopolistic, this is happening because the cable services are sitting in the most appropriate position to provide 100 megabytes per second (Mbps) or 1 gigabyte per second (Gbps) service, which is very effectively required to watch high definition videos. However, the companies like Comcast and Verizon had once faced the completion from the telephone companies, who offered Internet lines, which are also called as digital subscriber line (DSL). According to Crawford (2013), DSL had become obsolete.
Verizon is a wireless phone service provider, which provides wireless Internet services for the phones powered by Google’s Android, Apple’s IOS, Windows Phone by Microsoft and OS service of BalckBerry. The Fiber to the home (FTTH) service offered by Verizon has posed an effective completion to the cable service providers. They stopped focusing on FTTH and have expanded the wireless broadband. This cannot compete with the bandwidth offered by the cable providers. Thus, the service offered by Verizon is more specifically complement to the cable service instead of being a competitor (Crawford, 2013). The Merger of NBC Universal and Comcast will suppress the online video distribution firms like Netflix. The Comcast has the monopoly over the high speed Internet in United States, which will combine with the programming properties of NBC Universal, and their combination will pose a barrier to the last mile connectivity of the OBC’s (Crawford, 2013). The merger of Verizon and AT&T will effectively work as the duopoly in the Internet market and it is unlikely that they will reduce their price or improve their service currently.