这是一份为澳大利亚咨询机构董事会准备的内部报告。本报告的重点是为考虑实施循环经济实践的组织提供战略建议(Sauve et al. 2016)。因此，本报告强调了循环经济的主要好处以及该模式对澳大利亚各组织的影响(2015年计划)。本报告将着重介绍循环经济如何为商业客户提供新的机会。它将展示采用循环经济实践可以为组织提供竞争优势的方式(Murray et al. 2015)。因此，将对实施循环经济实践的不同领导组织进行综合研究。接下来，将提供组织用于代写essay-循环经济实践的建议。
The present economic model is linear in which the industrial approach of take, make and dispose is evident. The circular economy model is in contrast with the linear economy as the circular system is regenerative in nature (Mentink 2014). This system enables the input of the resource, waste, energy and reduces the emission leakages through narrowing the energy loops and material. It is identified from the research that the circular economy can takes place with the help of design. This can be done as it will promote long lasting product, effective, maintenance and repair in order to allow the reuse (Mendoza et al. 2017). The products are then remanufactured, refurbished and recycled.
Seven key elements of the circular economy model have been elaborated below:
Prioritization of the regenerative resources: this suggests that the non-toxic and reusable resources are used as both energy and materials in the most efficient manner possible.
Utilization of waste as resource: this element implies that the streams of waste are used as a secondary input materials and waste is recovered for the recycling and reuse (Lieder & Rashid 2016). This element indicates a notion that the waste does not exist but it is created. Hence, product designs are key to the waste reduction.
Design for future: this indicates that the process that design uses the adequate materials can provide the product with an extensive lifetime and allow its use in the future (Ghisellini et al. 2016). It further suggests that product should be produced in such a manner that a new item can be developed upon dissembling it.
Preservation and extension of existing resources: this element indicates that the existing resources are not only maintained and repaired but also are upgraded in order to enhance the lifetime and offer a second life to product where applicable (George et al. 2015). Therefore, the products can be launched with the pre-defined program for maintenance involving the supporting system of logistics and buyback offers.
Collaboration for developing joint value: the close association with the suppliers and supply chain allow the organization to increase value.
Using digital technology: this allows an optimized and tracked use of the resources. It enables the associations between the supply chain and online platforms stronger which offers more insight (Bocken et al. 2016). Furthermore, it provides with the encompassment of virtualised delivery and creation of value.
Mechanisms of feedback and prices indicate real cost: the element indicates that the need of revealing the total cost of the negative externalities is to be considered (Tukker 2015). This is asserted since the lack of transparency across the actions of externalities pose barriers to adoption of the circular economy model.